1 – “He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.” (Leviticus 1:4, ESV)
RAF: Perfection has always been God’s standard. That is why we need a Savior.
2 – ” And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, If anyone sins unintentionally in any of the Lord’s commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them,” (Leviticus 4:1-2, ESV)
RAF: Unintentional sins are those done without planning and forethought. The typical sins of the day. God’s Law made a difference between someone killed as the result of an unplanned fight or in the heat of passion, and one who killed by lying in wait, having a weapon or pre- planning. The latter required the death penalty without exception. The former allowed for the one guilty of manslaughter (versus murder) to flee to a City of Refuge and remain alive. Unintentional sins are followed by repentance. Intentional sins have been preceded by a lack of repentance.
3 – “The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “If anyone sins and commits a breach of faith against the Lord by deceiving his neighbor in a matter of deposit or security, or through robbery, or if he has oppressed his neighbor or has found something lost and lied about it, swearing falsely—in any of all the things that people do and sin thereby— if he has sinned and has realized his guilt and will restore what he took by robbery or what he got by oppression or the deposit that was committed to him or the lost thing that he found or anything about which he has sworn falsely, he shall restore it in full and shall add a fifth to it, and give it to him to whom it belongs on the day he realizes his guilt. And he shall bring to the priest as his compensation to the Lord a ram without blemish out of the flock, or its equivalent for a guilt offering.” (Leviticus 6:1-6, ESV)
RAF: In cases of theft:
a.- Restitution is required.
b.- A 20% penalty is required. Payed to the victim.
c. – Restitution does not fix the guilt problem. A sin offering is still necessary.
d. – The failure of our present judicial system is in making these more crimes against the state rather than sins against people, and therefore the victim is seldom made whole and the sin is never addressed at all.
e. Human juris prudence cannot deal with guilt.
4 – ” Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized fire before the Lord, which he had not commanded them. And fire came out from before the Lord and consumed them, and they died before the Lord.” (Leviticus 10:1-2, ESV)
RAF: This appears to be right on the heels of their ordination. Their sin? Innovation. What God commanded can be massaged at will.
We are shocked at God’s sudden outburst, but must remember that this is what God OUGHT to do all the time. The real shock, is that we sin so much, and God is so amazingly restrained. We take his patience for approval or indifference.
Entire: 1. All sin, no matter how slight or what the cause, requires an atonement.
2. In every sin, the sinner must take personal responsibility.
3. There are some things we do, and somethings we cannot do simply because we are God’s people. And that is reason enough.